The capital has plenty of ancient estates. These historical buildings are surrounded by parks, which makes them an ideal place for taking a walk. We suggest you get acquainted with some of the most beautiful estates in Moscow. They will tell you about the history of the capital and its people.
The Lyublino Estate
According to legend, in the early 19th century, a wealthy Muscovite, Nikolay Durasov, ordered the construction of a manor in the shape of the Order of St. Anna, which he had received from Emperor Paul a short time before. The estate is surrounded by a park with an artificial pond. Fyodor Dostoevsky lived here in the summer of 1866 while he wrote the fifth chapter of his novel Crime and Punishment. Throughout its history, the estate belonged to various owners but managed to preserve its bohemian air.
1/1 Letnyaya St.
The Bratsevo Estate
The first mention of the buildings located on the site of the present estate dates back to the early 17th century. The main building, designed in the style of Russian Classicism, is located on the bank of the Skhodnya river. Here, a beautiful socialite, Trubetskaya-Stroganova, once lived with Ivan Rimsky-Korsakov, a former favourite of Catherine the Great.
13 Svetlogorskiy Proyezd
Legend has it that the estate was named after Kuzma, a miller whose mill had for a long time been the only building on these lands. At different times, the lands belonged to the industrialist Grigory Stroganov and the mine owner Mikhail Golitsyn. They paid much attention to the improvement of the park lands and the estate ensemble. Swiss architect Domenico Gilardi was invited to reconstruct the estate in 1816–1823. Thanks to his work, a Horse Yard, a lime tree lane, a suspension bridge, a Music pavilion and other facilities were built on the grounds. Until 1917, Kuzminki belonged to the Golitsyn family.
6 Topolevaya Alleya
The estate was first mentioned in 1584. In 1810, the estate was acquired by Prince N. B. Yusupov for 245 thousand rubles. Many famous people, artists and members of the imperial family visited the estate. This estate was built in the times of Ivan the Terrible. It is also known as the 'Versailles of Moscow' because of its huge park with symmetrical lanes and a vast collection of statues and busts crafted by Russian and Italian sculptors.
Krasnogorsk, Arkhangelskoye village
A monument to the gardening and park-building craftsmanship of the late 18th – early 19th centuries. Originally, the estate belonged to an ancient boyar family until it was taken over by Grand Prince Ivan III of Moscow. Here you can find a cascade of five ponds, an Italian and a Chinese garden. Towering, ancient oaks and linden trees can be found on the grounds.
1 Akademika Pilyugina St.
Tolstoy's Estate in Khamovniki
Leo Tolstoy bought this old manor in the very centre of Moscow in 1882. The house served as a winter residence for the great writer. Here he wrote more than a hundred works, including his novel Resurrection, his novellas The Death of Ivan Ilyich, The Kreutzer Sonata and Father Sergius.
21 Lva Tolstogo St.
The village of Izmailovo was first mentioned in 1389 as a royal estate. The lands, which the Romanov boyars were granted by Ivan the Terrible, served as a family residence; it later became the residence of the tsar. Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich ordered that unique plants brought from the south should be cultivated here. These places were often visited by members of the imperial family, as evidenced by references made by different authors in their descriptions of the estate.
2 Imeni Baumana Gorodok
The building of the estate was designed in the style of neoclassicism in 1756–1767. The former estate of the famous Sheremetyev family often served as a venue for lavish receptions and festivals. Back in the day, a toy fleet used to navigate the pond and greet guests with cannon fire.
2 Yunosti St.
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